Established in 1976 the Langtang National holds the distinction of being the countries first Himalayan National Park.It is one of the most preserved national park, and Nepal’s fourth protected region. Located North of Kathmandu, it is the most easily accessible highland sanctuary from the capital. Langtang covers 1,710 sq. km. Throughout the National Park there are three main travel routes: Langtang Valley, Helambu and Gosainkunda Lake. The park is therefore often visited by trekking groups and individuals each year. It also has the largest river system- the Trishuli and Koshi that flows through this park.
It has a very prominent latitudinal variation. It ranges from 1,500 m, and gradually ascends to the top of Mt. Langtang Lirung at 7,234 m. This reflects the parks fascinating ecological diversity. Some of the most attractive areas of the park include the Langtang Valley, the holy lakes at Gosainkunda, and the forested hillsides above the village of Helambu.
Langtang National Park – Climatic variations
The climate of Langtang is by and large resembles that of Kathmandu. The best time to visit is in the month of September to October. During these months there are very little chances of rainfall and the temperature is rain chance is small and the temperatures are pleasant. The months of December to February are the coldest months of the year, where occasional snowfall is a probability. Whereas the autumn months of March to May have comfortable temperatures, but the visibility is poor.
Langtang National Park- Vegetation types
The Langtang National Park vegetation comprises of Sub-tropical, temperate and sub-alpine vegetation. The sub-tropical vegetation ranges at an altitude of 2000-2600m that consists of Chirpine, Rhododendron, and Nepalese alder. The temperate zone (2600-3000m) is covered mainly by oak forest. Likewise silver fir, hemlock, and larch makes up for the in the lower sub-alpine zone (3000-3600m).
Langtang National Park- Diverse Flora and Fauna
Langtang’s expansive high meadows combined by a thick forested cover of rhododendron, oak, maple and alder makes it attractive. Likewise the canopies around the lower half of the Langtang Valley below Gosaikunda are home to many endangered wild life species. It is a perfect habitat for numerous rare species such musk deer and Himalayan tahr.
The park is also well known for its populations of red panda, Himalayan black bear, snow leopard, wild dog, ghoral, serow and more than 250 species of birds. The rare Himalayan hony guide has been sighted here and the park is also the home for Impeyan, Tragopan and kalij pheasants among others.Besides that animals, common to these forests are wild boar, Himalayan black bear, ghoral, grey langur monkey and leopard.
Langtang National Park – Climatic Variations
The Langtang National Park displays some of the best examples of graded climatic conditions in the central Himalaya. The months of January and February are relatively dry and are time of snowfall. April announces the arrival of the warm weather. This is the time when the red, pink,bloom of rhododendrons blended in canopies of fir and oak forests is seen. The months of June to August, brings in heavy monsoon rains. Amongst all the month of September is spectacularly clear with display of wild flowers, and livestock herds, scattered in the meadows.
Langtang National Park- Communities & Lifestyle
The Langtang National is a rich mix of cultural diversity. The three main ethnic groups that inhibit the in Langtang National Park are the Tamang, Yolmo, and Bhotias. All these communities have deep Tibetan influences.
The tamangs are traditional framers and cattle herders of the region. They generally follow the Bon religion that belongs to Tibet. The people of langtang valley are mostly bhotias with recent Tibetan origin. The yolmo people of the Helambu region bear similarities with the Langtang Bhotias. Likewise the Brahmins, chhetri, newar and gurung inhabit the lower half of the park.
Langtang National Park – Travel & Accommodation
There are three main travel routes for getting it to the Langtang National Park. . One can either take the Langtang Valley way, or use the Helambu route and Gosaikunda Lake region respectively. All the routes have plenty of accommodation options ranging from local hotels,lodge, teahouse, and campsites for group travelers. Lodges operate year round except during the winter when the trails are blocked due to heavy snowfall. Each lodge has a central communal area with a large stove that provides heat and a cosy atmosphere. The lodges generally have showers and toilets Food in the lodges is very good quality, a mixture of local Nepali food and in the Langtang western recipes.
The Langtang National Park – Highlights
Get glimpse of the world’s most beautiful valleys.
A Splendid short travel destination.
Observe stunning forests, high alpine meadows, and yak pastures.
Incredible mountain views of the Langtang Himalayas, valley and across to Tibet
Get to visit the local Cheese Factory in Kyanjing Gompa